The Motte-and-Bailey Method of Cardinals Trollery

Ten years ago, Oxford University philosopher Nicholas Shackel published a controversial paper that critiqued the overreliance of postmodernist analysis—wait, stop, come back—on what he called “motte-and-bailey doctrines.” The name comes from a style of medieval fortification—stay with me, we’re almost through this—that Shackel describes as follows: Being dark and dank, the Motte is not a […]

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